Stuart Mill English

How to Learn, How to Teach English

Website Review:

In short: As of today, they have 52 different grammar points and 52 different vocabulary topics. They explain everything very clearly. Almost all of the topics have some game that you can play to help you practice what you’ve learned.

That might sound simple and boring, but the site is actually incredible. The site design makes it special. You’ll never have any trouble finding something on this site. The games will work quickly and they’ll be helpful. After two minutes, you’ll feel like you understand everything they do. Sound easy? It’s really hard to design a site like that.

For students: Just as an example, do you have problems using the word “get”? All the uses can give you a headache, but this section will help.

For teachers: The spelling games are particularly innovative. Students will see the words flashed at them and then they’ll need to spell them correctly. Your students who have spelling problems might enjoy these unique games. (Click here and scroll down to “Spelling Games”)

May 13, 2011 Posted by | Website Reviews | , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Business English Role Play Cards

Business English Role Play

These role play cards will help you practice some business English expressions.

Click here to get the role play cards. Find a partner. You should talk to each other as different people. Use the expressions on the cards. When you have used all three words/expressions, switch to a new card.

After you’ve used these cards, you can make some new ones using the blank cards at the end of the second page.

Here are the words with brief descriptions and examples.

  • Well received: Something that that people liked
    • My report was well received. I got lots of compliments
    • The new boss was immediately well received. All the employees really liked her.
  • Ill received: Something that wasn’t liked.
    • I made a new design and I thought it looked great. Unfortunately, it was ill received, so I should try again.
    • They didn’t really like it. It was ill received.
  • Input: Ideas that should help something like a project
    • My boss is great. He always asks for input.
    • You shouldn’t give input unless you have good knowledge. You might just look stupid.
  • To execute: To do something that requires skill and careful effort.
    • He executed the marketing strategy quite well. Sales of the new product are good.
    • Don’t execute these new policies right away. Let’s review them more carefully first.
  • Stressed out: To feel anxiety.
    • I’m so stressed out because I’ve been working a lot.
    • Don’t get stressed out over the new program. You’ll make some mistakes but it’s normal. Don’t worry.
  • Dark ages: Times that are not modern
    • Our managers are really in the dark ages when it comes to technology. Did you know the CEO doesn’t use a computer?
    • The hotel’s system is from the dark ages. They still use tape drives!
  • Up-to-date: Current, modern, new
    • My training is up-to-date. I understand how everything works now.
    • If we get all the computers up-to-date, we’ll save a lot of time and money.
  • Extensive training: A lot of training. Much education on a topic.
    • I have extensive computer training. I won’t have problems.
    • You need extensive training if you want to be a doctor.
  • I’ve been working at my job for ____ years.: How long you have worked somewhere.
    • I’ve been working at the hospital for 12 years.
    • I’ve been working at Nike for a year.
  • Just a number: Not important at all.
    • I’m really just a number here. As long as I do my reports, no one notices me or cares about me.
    • When I started I was just a number, but now I’m a senior manager.
  • Routine tasks: Normal work, things you often do.
    • I’m in HR. These days my routine tasks include doing payroll and training new employees.
    • Every day is different for me! I think my only routine task is turning on my computer.
  • Daily basis: Everyday
    • On a daily basis, I read more than 100 emails.
    • I can’t have meetings with you about this on a daily basis. You need to be more independent.
  • Modern: Current, up-to-date, not old
    • The modern office design is often very open. You can see what everyone is doing.
    • I don’t really like all this modern technology. What’s wrong with using a pencil?!

Business English Role Play Cards

Cut these cards up. Students should take the card and speak as the person on the card until they’ve used all the words/expressions.

You are the CEO of a company that exports strawberries. Use the following words/expressions:

  • To execute
  • Stressed out
  • Dark ages
 You are an IT specialist at a marketing agency. Use the following words/expressions:

  • Up-to-date
  • Extensive training
  • I’ve been working at my job for ____ years.
You are a management consultant with more than 10 years of experience. Use the following words/expressions.

  • Input
  • Just a number
  • Well received
You are a nuclear engineer. Use the following words/expressions.

  • Routine tasks
  • Daily basis
  • Ill receieved
You are an executive assistant. Use the following words/expressions

  • Well received
  • Daily basis
  • Extensive training
You are a farmer. Use the following words/expressions.

  • Extensive training
  • I’ve been working at my job for ____ years.
  • Modern
You own a car dealership. Use the following words/expressions.

  • Input
  • Stressed out
  • Routine tasks
You are a human resources manager for a large company (like G.E.). Use the following words/expressions.

  • Ill received
  • Well received
  • Input
 You are an ___________________ at a ___________________. Use the following words/expressions:
You are an ___________________ at a ___________________. Use the following words/expressions:
You are an ___________________ at a ___________________. Use the following words/expressions:

May 5, 2011 Posted by | Studying Strategies, Teaching Strategies | , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Learn English–British Council

Website Review: Learn English—British Council

In Short: The best site on the internet for learning English. It’s multilevel. It’s really big. It’s really helpful.

First: Low-level, intermediate-level, and high-level students will all find great stuff.

Second: The site is really big. You can watch and listen. You can read and write. You can practice grammar. You can play games. You can make friends.

Third: The activities are helpful, interesting, and modern. The site is easy to use and looks great.

For Students: Here are three things you might really like on the site. For listening, Big City, Small World is great. Studying for the IELTS? Check out this section. Or, you might join the virtual community Second Life so you can speak and listen to real people in English all the time.

For Teachers: Send your students to the site and have them write their own reviews. Ask them to answer three questions: (1) What can you listen to on this site? Describe it. (2) Is this a good site? Why/Why not? (3) Would you recommend it to a friend? Why/Why not?

May 1, 2011 Posted by | Website Reviews | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Use Google to Study Vocabulary

Using Google To Learn Vocabulary

Students, how do you study vocabulary? Most students have lists of words that they study. Often, they try to memorize the translation. This isn’t bad, but sometimes it’s hard to remember the new words. If you can connect the new words with something, then it’s easier to remember them. For example, if you learn a new word and see a funny picture at the same time, then your brain has two memories: the word and the funny picture. That’s why you’re more likely to remember the word.

So, how can you create connections? One great way is to use Google. Do a Google search for the word you want to learn. First, you get a definition of the word. You can also see (1) websites that use the word, (2) pictures of the word, (3) videos of the word, and more.

Here’s a new word: Strenuous. Click on the links below to see the Google searches for this word. Can you guess what it means?

Regular Search

Image Search

Video Search

News Search

Shopping Search

Pretty cool, right? 😉 (~^)

October 16, 2010 Posted by | Studying Strategies | , , , , | 1 Comment

Beyond Practice Tests: Vocabulary Questions

Beyond Practice Tests: Vocabulary Questions

Vocabulary questions give you a word and four definitions. You should choose the correct definition. Of course, if you know what the word means, then it’s easy. But, if you don’t know what it means, it’s still possible to guess. The test makers always include hints.

The normal strategy for getting better at vocabulary questions is to learn more words. Books that give lists of vocabulary words for a test are very popular. That’s OK, but you can do more. Here are some strategies for improving at vocabulary questions. Some will help you learn new words and some will just help you guess better.

Guess, guess, guess Read an article and underline all the new words. Without using a dictionary, try to write definitions of the words. Also, include any clues or hints you see. For example, you might write this for the word “hint” in the previous sentence.

Hint: Something that helps with guessing words???

Clues: “Clues” next to hints. You should include them with the definition. “Try to write definitions” means you can’t know for sure, so “hints” should help.

Write Definitions Practice writing definitions for new words you learn. By writing practice definitions you’ll get used to seeing the hints that come with new words.

Write Test Questions After you learn a new word, write a practice test question for it. Can you think of three other words that are related? How are they different?

Thesaurus Are you already really good with vocabulary? For students who want to take their score to the highest level, use a thesaurus to learn all of the words that are related to a new word you’ve learned. Then, learn how they’re different.

Hints When you learn a new word, instead of writing a translation, write three words that will help you guess it. For example, if you learn the word “Ocean”, you might use “Big, blue, waves” instead of a definition or a translation.

September 25, 2010 Posted by | Studying Strategies, Test Prep | , , , , | 1 Comment


Name: Celebrity (An elaborate game of pulling words out of a hat.)

Time: 30 minutes to 2 hours

Level: Lower Intermediate or above

Prep Time: None

Materials: Pen and Paper

Primary Objective: Review vocabulary

Other Benefits: Improve circumlocution (finding a way to say something when you forget the word)


Ask each student to write three vocab words from the past unit. Write the words on the board (and add any important ones they forgot).

Divide up the words amongst the students. They should write the words on small pieces of paper. On the opposite side of the paper, they should draw a picture of the word.

(It doesn’t matter if the drawings are bad. Drawing will help them remember the words for later and help students describe the words once the game starts.)


Put all the words in a hat. There are two teams and four rounds to the game.

Round 1: Have a student from one team come to the front of the class and draw a word from the hat. Short of actually saying the word, they can say or do anything they want to get their team to guess the word. If they don’t know the word, they should describe the picture.

Once their team guesses the word, they draw another word. They have one minute to get as many as possible. If they pass on a word, there’s a 15 second penalty.

Now, the other team goes for one minute. Go back and forth until all the words are gone. Count how many slips each team got and write the totals on the board. Put all the slips back into the hat.

Round 2: Same as Round 1, but erase all the words from the board before it starts.

Round 3: In this round, students can only say one word to get their teams to guess the word.

Round 4: In this round, students can’t talk at all. They can only use gestures.


Depending on how much time you want to spend on the game, you can cut any step. For instance, you could just choose the words, put them in a hat and go right to the game.

Some students are very quick to draw pictures and others are slower. To avoid the problem of too much downtime for the quick ones, you might not assign all the words on the board right away. Leave some and assign them to the early finishers.

August 3, 2010 Posted by | Lesson Plans | , , , , | 1 Comment

Website Review:

In short: Super lesson plans based on current events. Every three days, Sean Bannville writes and records a brief summary of a current event and puts together a lesson plan around it. The lesson plans always follow the same format and the format is perfect, so why not? (There are nice warm-up activities, discussion questions, and vocabulary exercises.) Plus, most teachers and students will find that there is more material than they’ll ever use for one article. You can always use different parts of the lessons if you need some variety.

If you like this one, check out his other sites:,,, and

For students: There are six games that come with each lesson. Four of the games are great for practicing the vocabulary. The other two (“No Letters” and “Sentence Jumble”) will help you write like a native speaker.

For teachers: In addition to using these lessons regularly, you might just print off a few, make copies for your class, and carry them around. You’ll always have a wonderful back-up plan in your bag for when your things go wrong or you finish quickly.

July 19, 2010 Posted by | Website Reviews | , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Learning Styles and Lesson Planning

Learning Styles and Lesson Planning

Some thoughts on learning styles and four activities for the classroom

The truth that different people have different learning styles seems pretty darn self-evident. If you think about yourself, you can probably pretty quickly decide if, for instance, images (visual learner) help you when learning. Or maybe songs and sounds (auditory learner) stay with you easily.

Fine and dandy. But what does it mean for the ESL classroom? If you’re exclusively teaching cellists how to speak English, then you can probably build a bunch of auditory lesson plans and everyone will be happy. Most classrooms, though, will have a mix of styles.

So, you need to try to incorporate lots of different styles into your lessons. In much the same way that not every student needs every explanation you give, not every student will get the most out of each activity. But they’ll all benefit more than if you only taught to one learning style or didn’t think about learning styles at all.

Moreover, thinking about learning styles is an easy way to increase the number of memorable moments in the classroom. Memorable moments are the funny or interesting or emotional moments in a classroom that the students will remember the next day—and hopefully attach the target language to. Pictures, sounds, and objects are all likely to coincide with memorable moments.

Finally, thinking about learning styles is an easy way to break lesson plan writer’s block. If you’re in a rut and need some new ideas, focusing on learning styles is a nice way to get yourself out of the rut and put some fresh ideas into your classroom. In other words, “how do I teach the past tense?” can be tricky. “How do I teach the past tense in a visual way” is easier.

To review, if you’re always thinking about learning styles, three things will happen:

  1. You’re students will learn more because their learning style will be used at least sometimes.
  2. Your classes will be more memorable.
  3. It’ll be easier for you to come up with activities. You won’t get stuck because you’ll have a way to start thinking about how to make activities.

To illustrate the point, below are four of the big things we teach in the classroom (vocabulary, speaking, writing, and grammar) and an activity inspired by thinking about learning styles.


Visual Style: Give each student three to five new words. If you have access to a computer lab, have your students go into the lab and do a Google image search for their words. They should click on one of the pictures and write a sentence or two that describes it and uses the targeted vocab word. (For instance, if they Google “width”, they might see an image of a ruler under a nose. They could write “The width of the nose was 1.5 inches.” When everyone finishes, return to the classroom and have the students describe the pictures they saw.

Notes: It’s a good idea to not distribute all the words right away. Then, when some students finish quickly, you have some extra words to give them.

If you don’t have a lab, you can also give this as homework and have the students report on it for the next class.

Instead of searching on the internet, students might search through magazines and find pictures related to their words.


Physical Style and Visual Style: Bring in a deck of cards and think of four topics that you’d like the students to speak about. For example, you could use this for a review day and have them speak about four topics you’ve already covered in class. Explain what hearts, diamonds, clubs, and spades are. Draw the symbols on the board. Next to the symbols, write the topics you’d like them to discuss. Ask the students for an example discussion question on each topic and write those on the board too.

Now, walk around the room and have each student draw two cards. Depending on the suit they get, they should write discussion questions on that topic. You’ll probably have extra cards. Students who finish quickly, should draw more cards until everyone has written at least two questions.

Once everyone has written their questions, everyone should stand up and find someone to ask their questions to. Their partner should draw one of the student’s cards to determine the order of the questions. After they’ve asked and answered, they should find someone new to ask their questions to. Repeat it as many as times you can.

Click here to read about this activity in more detail.

And click here for another Physical activity using origami fortune tellers.


Logical Style: Writing an introduction to an essay can be tricky for students. This is especially so because the common English way to write an introduction (triangle pointing down, from general to specific) is often very different from how introductions are written in other languages. A Russian introduction, for instance, is more like a star. (If that doesn’t make any sense, then now you know how your students feel.)

So it can be helpful if they have a fill-in-the-blank (logical) method for writing their introductions.

Explain to the students that the introduction should look like this:

First sentence: Introduce the general topic. (e.g. Lots of people love animals.)

Second sentence: Narrow the topic towards the specific question. (e.g. Dogs and cats are the two most popular animals in the world.)

Third sentence: State the exact question that the essay will address. (e.g. It is an interesting question: Is it a good idea to own a pet?)

Fourth sentence: State your exact opinion on the topic (thesis). (e.g. I firmly believe that owning a pet is a good thing.)

Note that the example sentences aren’t the most amazing sentences and the introduction isn’t the most amazing introduction. This is on purpose. The examples you give should make the structure clear. It’s easier to do that with simple sentences. You’re not teaching them style write now. You’re teaching them a structure, so focus on it.

After presenting the whole thing, take a step back and have the students practice writing sentence three, sentence four, sentence one, and sentence two (in that order because they get progressively harder). Then have them practice writing whole introductions. Give them topics that match what you’ve been working on in class.

Note: The memory is a little fuzzy, but this idea was probably inspired by Cambridge’s TOEFL Prep book, which is excellent and can be found here.


Auditory Style: Playing a song can be great, especially if the targeted grammar is in the song. The song “If I Had a Million Dollars” by Bare Naked Ladies is super for teaching present unreal/second conditional.

You’ll, of course, first need to get the song. If you have a laptop, you can just load the video on YouTube before going to class.

Before introducing the structure of the conditional, play the song for the class. It’s a wonderful thing to do at the beginning as a warm-up activity. The students can just listen to English for a few minutes and allow their brains to switch into English-mode (so to speak).

Now have the students all write down twenty things they want to do, but can’t because they don’t have enough money. Model it on the board by writing: I want to go to France, but I can’t. I don’t have enough money. I want to buy an airplane, but I can’t. I don’t have enough money.

While the students work, on the top of the board, write: If I had a million dollars…

Then, below it write the following phrases:

  • I’d buy you a house
  • I’d buy you an airplane
  • I’d buy you forty cars
  • I’d buy your love
  • I’d build a tree fort in our yard
  • I’d take a spaceship to the stars
  • Well, I’d buy you a fur coat
  • Well, I’d buy you a new mobile phone
  • We wouldn’t have to walk to the store
  • We’d take a limousine ’cause it costs more
  • Well, I’d buy you a green dress
  • Well, I’d buy you France
  • Well, I’d buy you a monkey
  • I’d be rich

Play the song twice more. Students should write down the phrases they hear in the song. Most of the ones on the board are in the song, but not all of them. And there are some in the song that aren’t on the board.

Review which ones were right.

Now show the students how to change their sentences into the conditional. (e.g. I want to buy an airplane, but I can’t. I don’t have enough money becomes “If I had a million dollars, I’d buy an airplane.”

Next, explain the structure of the second conditional (i.e If+past simple, modal+bare infinitive) and show them some other uses. (e.g. If I saw a bear, I would run. If I met the president, I would tell him to lower taxes. Etc.) Then, explain that it is for impossible situations and the result.

Finally, have students write some of their own examples.

(If you’d like to learn more about learning styles, this is a pretty good site.)

July 1, 2010 Posted by | Teaching Strategies | , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Studying Vocab with Learning Styles

Studying Vocab with Learning Styles

Descriptions of how to know your learning style and suggestions for how to study vocabulary.

Students, do you want to learn vocabulary faster? Have you thought about your learning style?

For some students, you can know your learning style easily. For example, maybe you love to listen to music and you learn new words from songs. That means you’re an “auditory learner”. You learn from hearing things.

But maybe you’re a “visual learner”. Visual learners remember better when there is a picture that goes with the word. For example, what is your answer to these questions: Is it easier for you to remember a word if there’s a colorful picture next to it in your textbook? When you try to remember a word, do you sometimes think of a picture? Visual learners often do these things.

Another type of learning style is “kinesthetic”. Kinesthetic learners like to have physical movements that go with new words. If there is a movement that goes with the word, you remember better. For example, maybe a phrase like “shake hands” is easy for you to remember. But a word like “contemplate” is hard.

Finally, there is the “logical” learning style. Maybe you like to have a system for learning. Logical learners really like to study root words. After you know that “bi” means “two”, “bicycle”, “bilingual”, “bifocals”, and “biceps” aren’t so difficult. When there is a method or a reason for things, then you can learn easier. Probably you like to make an exact system for learning.

There is a lot more to know about learning styles and there are more learning styles, but these are the best ones for English students. You should try to decide which style is best for you. Then, when you study, you can use some of the following ways. You will remember new words easier.

Here are some suggestions of ways to study vocabulary.

Auditory (listening)

  • Listen to songs and write down the new words. Then listen to the songs again.
  • Use sites like where you can listen to the words you want to learn. You can also listen to the words in example sentences.
  • Write dialogues with the words. Practice saying them.

Visual (seeing)

  • Draw pictures next to the new words that you want to learn.
  • Look through a magazine and find pictures that match the words you want to learn.
  • Do Google image searches for the words you want to learn and look at all the pictures that go with your words.

Kinesthetic (moving)

  • Create gestures for all of your words. Do the gestures as you walk around during the day.
  • While you exercise, repeat your new words to yourself.
  • Create an origami fortune teller with words on the inside.


  • Study all the words associated with a root word.
  • Write sentences that are very similar, but are different with just the new vocabulary word (e.g. I always eat bread. I always eat chicken. I always eat rice. etc.)
  • Learn words in groups. For example, learn all the kitchen vocabulary. Then, learn all the sports vocabulary. And so on.

June 30, 2010 Posted by | Studying Strategies | , , , | Leave a comment